Sunday, August 26, 2012

Sports Federations In India

A federation is the unification of several authorities and organizations for managing related tasks, making policies and working towards the development of common interests at the central level. Sports federations have always worked towards the development of sports in thier related field, and encouragement of players to perform well at the national or international level. In India, almost every sport has an association or a federation dedicated towards it. The main aim of such federations and associations is to promote the concerned sport in a safe manner, so that the reputation of the game and the federation is never at stake.

Federations also provide training facilities to sportspersons. They facilitate participation of players in national and international tournaments. Federation officials are responsible for selecting the best players for representing the country in different competitions. The main aim of the administrative staff of a federation is to work towards the benefit of players.

Indian Hockey Federation

Hockey is the national game of India and the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) is committed towards searching out and promoting talent to represent the country. The foundation of the Indian Hockey Federation was laid with Col. Bruce Turnball as President and Mr. N.H. Ansari as Honorary Secretary. The Federation started functioning in 1927, and its headquarters were once shifted from Gwalior to Delhi. The federation also aims at encouraging the formation of state, regional and other associations, for better control of the game.

One of the chiefs of the IHF is Mr. KPS Gill. Some important national level hockey events are the Chhatrapati Shivaji All India Hockey tournament, All India Aagha Khan Hockey tournament, Jawaharlal Nehru Hockey tournament, All India Bombay Gold Cup Hockey tournament, All India Sanjay Hockey tournament, All India Indira Gold Cup Hockey tournament, Senior National Hockey tournament and the Junior National Hockey tournament. The Asian Cup, Afro-Asian Games, Senior World Cup and Junior World Cup tournaments are games played at the international level.

Board of Control for Cricket in India

One of the most watched and followed sports in India is cricket. The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the official governing body that is responsible for the growth of the game. One of the Presidents and Patron-in-Chiefs of the BCCI is Mr.Sharad Pawar. The adjudicated tasks of the BCCI include selection of the Indian cricket team, appointing coaches, hunting new talent and working towards providing world-class facilities to the players. The purview of the BCCI extends tfrom test cricket, one-day cricket and T20 matches; to under-19 teams, under-16 teams and domestic cricket.

Domestic cricket in India is played between country zones, clubs and states. The Ranji Trophy is the highest level of domestic cricket championships. It is equivalent to county cricket in England and the Pura Cup in Australia. BCCI introduced a challenger series called NKP Salve Challenger Trophy in 1994-95. It is a day and night one-day tournament that is played keeping in mind India’s international commitments.

Among other domestic cricket tournaments are the Irani Trophy, Duleep Trophy and Deodhar Trophy. The Irani Trophy championship is played between previous year’s Ranji Trophy winners and the Rest of India team. The Duleep trophy is played between zones, and was named after Kumar Shri Duleepsinhji while the Deodhar trophy is a 50 over one-day match played on a league basis between five teams. BCCI is responsible for team selection and training players for world-class performance at the national or international level. This organization is also progressive towards extending its support to Indian cricketers at different levels.

All India Football Federation

Football is another popular sport played in India. The All India Football Federation (AIFF) is the official governing body which manages the plans and working policies of football in India. It was formed on 23rd June, 1937 at the Army headquarters in Shimla. One of the Presidents of the AIFF is Mr. Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi. AIFF is a member of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), Asian Football Confederation (AFC) and the Indian Olympic Association (IOA). The organization of AIFF is divided between a General Body, Executive Committee and General Secretariat.

The General body of AIFF comprises one football association in every state, service sports control board (SSCB), railways sports promotion board (RSPB) and women’s committee. The Executive committee consists of 19 members with 1 President, 1 treasurer, 5 vice presidents, 10 members representing 5 zones, 1 member of SSCB or RSPB and 1 member of women’s committee.

The objective of forming AIFF was to improve and promote football throughout India, organize annual domestic and international competitions, make and implement policie,s and prevent infringement of rules. Some of the competitions organized by AIFF at the national level are the Girls under-17, sub-junior nationals, national football league, president’s cup and junior nationals. International tournaments include the ONGC tournament, Olympic qualifier, SAFF cup and Asian cup.

All India Tennis Association

The All India Lawn Tennis Association (AILTA) was formed in March 1920 at Lahore. At this meeting, the constitution and bylaws were framed on the lines of the constitution of the Lawn Tennis Association of Britain. In November 1920, the first meeting of the AILTA was held at the Town Hall at Delhi. AILTA was renamed as the All India Tennis Association (AITA) in the 1980s. AITA work towards the development of players and facilities and also conducts level I, II and III courses for aspiring coaches. Leander Paes, Mahesh Bhupathi and Sania Mirza are players that have taken lawn tennis to new heights with their prize winning performances.

AITA is involved in organizing tennis tournaments at the national and international level. These competitions are played at the junior and senior echelon. At the junior level, AITA organizes tournaments among schools at the under-12, under-14, under-16 and under-18 levels. ATP cup, Federation cup, ITF cup, Davis Cup and WTA tour are some of the national and international tournaments at the senior level organized by AITA, in partnership with other international tennis associations.

All India Chess Federation

Chess is a board game played by two persons with each player beginning with 16 pieces of six kinds, that are moved according to individual rules. The objective is to checkmate the opposing king. The All India Chess Federation (AICF) is efficiently promoting this game in India through a systematic and well-planned approach.

This federation has provided high standard facilities to its members, while protecting the interests of players, sporting organizations and sponsors. Its mission is to search and foster the latent skills of Indian youth, so that they can achieve creditable results in international chess tournaments. One of the presidents of the AICF is Mr. P.T Ummer Koya. Presidents of the All India Chess Federation have always been active in the development of plans and policies for the betterment of the game.

In association with chess federations in other countries, AICF organizes competitions such as the Asia Youth Chess Championship, Central Province Chess Festival’s International Open and World Chess Championship for seniors. Under-12, Parsavnath Open and Under-17 tournaments are events that give a chance to juniors for displaying their talents.

The National Rifle Association of India

The sport of shooting has seen a lot of success with professionals such as Anjali Bhagwat, Jaspal Rana, Gagan Narang, Vijay Kumar, Manavjit Singh Sandhu and Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore winning laurels for the country. The National Rifle Association of India (NRAI) was formed on April 17th, 1951 to develop the sport of shooting and to impart training to civilians or aspiring shooting professionals, so that they can earn acclaim at national and international level tournaments. NRAI is being headed by Digvijay Singh, a Member of Parliament (MoP). Apart from hunting for new talent and training sportsmen in shooting, NRAI also works towards helping association members and players to have easy access to top-notch facilities.

At present, the NRAI is interacting with the government to lessen the duty imposed on the import of arms and ammunition used in sports. The association has international level shooting ranges in New Delhi, Hyderabad and the BSF Complex in Indore. Two more shooting ranges are planned to be custom-built shortly at Chennai and in the Infantry School at Mhow in Madhya Pradesh. NRAI organizes various tournaments at the national and international level in association with other shooting associations. World Championship, Asian Games, Commonwealth Games and the National Championships are the main tournaments held in the sport of shooting. All these championships have several events such as 50M Rifle 3 Position, 10M Rifle, 25M Rapid Fire Pistol, Clay Pigeon Trap and 10M Running Target for both men and women.

Indian Amateur Boxing Federation

Amateur boxing in India has an extensive setup. There are state units, federations and various other institutions, which promote and patronize boxing. It was way back in 1925 that the Bombay Presidency Amateur Boxing Federation came into being. With the efforts of this association, the Indian Amateur Boxing Federation (IABF) was established in 1949.

The IABF’s 52 years of history reflects a past that produced some of the best boxers in this world, who took India’s reputation to great heights. This includes Mary Kom, winner of five world championship gold medals, and a bronze medal at the 2012 London Olympics. IABF has more than 40 affiliated state units, boards, federations and institutions that are active in promoting boxing in the country.

One of the presidents of the IABF was Mr. Abhay Singh Chautala from Haryana. Some of the important tournaments organized by the IABF in association with international boxing federations are the National Boxing Championship, Indira Gandhi Memorial Women Boxing, Junior Asian Boxing Championship, Zonal Boxing Championship, Federation Cup and the All India KO Cup.

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