Sunday, March 7, 2010

Kabaddi Game History

Kabaddi is a sport which has its origins in South Asia. It is known as Hu-tu-tu in Western India. The main qualities needed to excel in this sport are agility, good lung capacity, muscular coordination and quick reflexes. The kabaddi game history is long and colorful.

kabaddi game history traditional sports indigenous indiaThe game is played with two teams of 12 players each, which alternate between defence and offence. Of the twelve players, seven are on-court and five are reserves. The game comprises of two halves of 20 minutes each. Players score points by raiding the opponent’s court individually and touching as many members of the opposing team as possible without getting caught.

Holding your breath is part of the kabaddi game history. While, the player is in the opposing team’s court, he/she must constantly say ‘kabaddi-kabaddi’ while holding their breath. This player has to continue holding their breath until they return to their home court. Meanwhile, the opposing team has to try their best to prevent this player from returning to his/her home court.

The kabaddi game history is pre-historic. It was started mainly to develop the physical strength and speed in young men and develop self-defense skills. In the Mahabharata, there is an analogy of the game, where the warrior Arjuna's son Abhimanyu faces a rough time, when he is trapped in the 'Chakravyuha' set by his enemies during a war. According to Buddhist literature, Gautam Buddha played kabaddi for recreational purposes, which helped him showoff to the ladies.

The All India Kabaddi Federation that was formed in 1950, was responsible for compiling standard rules for this sport. The Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI) was founded in 1973 and is responsible for the promotion of this sport and kabaddi game history.

Kabaddi made its debut at the Beijing Asian Games in 1990. India won the gold medal here and followed it up with successes in consecutive Asian Games held at Hiroshima in 1994, Bangkok in 1998, Busan in 2002 and Doha in 2006. The rich kabaddi game history in south Asian countries is a reason why sports officials are pushing for its inclusion in the Olympic Games, also.

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